I’m sure that as a parent when considering homeschooling in India you must have had a doubt about if being educated at home is going to harm your child’s social skills. Today we will talk about one of the homeschooling facts in India.
There is nothing wrong with having this doubt, especially for parents who are planning on homeschooling their child for the first time. These doubts usually arise among all Indian parents who are doing the same. Let us get you to some of the homeschooling facts. But, before jumping on to the main topic let us focus on what exactly is socialization and why it is important!
Socialization stands for the enhancement of the brain, body, mind, attitude, human behaviour and so forth. Socialization is the lifelong process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs and ideologies, providing an individual with the skills and habits necessary for participating within his or her own society.
Socialization is one of the most important processes or activities that are taught by traditional schools. Every child must learn to accept others and their differences. According to Horton and Hunt, “Socialisation is the process whereby one internalises the norms of his groups, so that a distinct self emerges, unique to this individual.”
Features of Socialization
- Basic discipline is inculcated: Socialization inculcates basic discipline. A child learns to control their impulses. They may show disciplined behaviour to gain social approval.
- Aids in the management of human behaviour: Socialization can help to control human behaviour. As a child grows up they undergo training and their behaviour is controlled in numerous ways. In order to maintain the social order, there are definite procedures or mechanisms in society. These procedures become a part of the child’s life as they grow up and adjust to society. Through socialization, society intends to control the behaviour of its members unconsciously.
- Formal and informal socialisation occurs: Formal socialisation takes place through direct instruction and education in schools and colleges. Family is, however, the primary source of education. Children learn their language, customs, norms and values in the family.
- Socialization is an ongoing process: Socialization is a lifelong process. It does not cease when a child becomes an adult. As socialisation does not cease when a child becomes an adult, the internalization of culture continues from generation to generation. Society perpetuates itself through the internalization of culture. Its members transmit culture to the next generation and society continues to exist.
- Socialization is rapid if there is more humanity among the agencies of socialization: Socialization takes place rapidly if the agencies of socialization are more unanimous in their ideas and skills. When there is a conflict between the ideas, examples and skills transmitted at home and those transmitted by school or peers, socialization of the individual tends to be slow and ineffective.
Types of Socialization
- Primary Socialisation:
Primary socialisation refers to the socialisation of an infant throughout his or her first years of life. It is the process by which an infant acquires linguistic and cognitive skills, as well as internalises norms and values. The infant learns the ways of a particular group and is shaped into an effective social participant in that group.
- Secondary Socialization:
Outside of the immediate family, the process can be seen at work in the ‘peer group.’ Peers provide the growing youngster with essential lessons in social behaviour. He also attends classes at school. As a result, socialisation extends beyond and beyond the familial setting. Secondary socialisation is the social training that a youngster receives in institutional or formal settings and continues throughout his life.
- Adult Socialization:
In adult socialization the individual has to play different roles such as becoming an employee, or husband/wife, this is where primary and secondary may not have prepared them fully. Adult socialization is important because it helps them to take up new duties. The very aim of this socialization is to change the views of the individual.
- Anticipatory Socialisation:
Anticipatory socialisation is the process through which men learn about the culture of a group in preparation for entering that group. A person learns how to perform in his new job as he learns the correct beliefs, values, and standards of a status or group to which he aspires.
Re-socialisation is the process of abandoning old behaviour patterns and accepting new ones as part of a life change. This type of re-socialization occurs most often when a social role is drastically altered. It entails abandoning one way of life in favour of another that is not only dissimilar to the former but also incompatible with it.
Is homeschooling in India socially harmful for your Child?
After understanding so much about Socialization within children, let us now come back and answer the most important question!
You might know all the homeschooling facts then you can rightly go about it. Homeschooling might not harm the way your child socializes but it sure does have a positive effect on your child. For Instance, drugs, abuse, peer pressure, etc are very common in today’s conventional schools, especially in India. Many homeschooled kids are away from peer pressure, and bullying or are under any negative influences. Bullying is the most common form of school violence which requires urgent attention. It not only violates a child’s right to education but also impacts their health and well-being and academics negatively. According to the UNESCO report, ‘Behind the numbers: Ending school violence and bullying’, one in every three students has been bullied by their peers in school at least once in the last month, and a similar proportion are affected by physical violence.
Is homeschooling beneficial in India?
These were some of the homeschooling facts in India. There can be many advantages and downsides to homeschooling your child in India, but in the end, you shouldn’t be concerned about the pros and negatives because your child’s education is the most important, whether at home or in school. In India, there are numerous homeschooling pioneers. Birla, a pioneer in homeschooling and online education for grades one through ten, is one such example (1-10). Birla also has an online learning software called Birla Brainiacs, which is a collaborative e-learning platform with a curriculum designed to make learning fun while responding to each student’s learning needs. At-home learning promotes critical thinking, reasoning, and memory. The Birla home-schooling and e-learning platform employs qualified teachers who are adept at keeping a child engaged while also educating them.